14 Symptoms That Indicate High Blood Sugar Levels And How to Keep Them Under Control

Checking your blood sugar levels on a regular basis is very important as it may indicate that you’re suffering from diabetes. Diabetes is a serious disease which occurs when the cells can’t use insulin properly or the body has stopped producing it. Insulin is a vital hormone which allows glucose to enter the body cells and be used as energy, but in cases of low blood sugar levels, it won’t enter your blood stream which can result in high blood sugar levels and damage to vital organs and blood vessels.

The main causes of high blood sugar levels are physical inactivity, obesity, long-term steroid use, dehydration, weakened immune system and eating a diet rich in carbs and sugar. Although high blood sugar levels don’t automatically mean that you’re suffering from diabetes, you should always check the symptoms at a doctor in order to detect the root problem. Here are the main symptoms of high blood sugar levels:

  • Digestive problems
  • Repeating infections
  • Slow healing of injuries and cuts
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Impotence
  • Thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent overnight urination
  • Weight gain and excess belly fat
  • Scratchy and dry skin

Nerve problems

Increased sugar cravings

In order to keep your blood sugar levels in check, you should pay more attention to the things you eat. Some foods have a low GI (Glycemic Index) while others have high GI, which directly affects your blood sugar levels. The Glycemic Index determines what foods are good for you in cases of diabetes and should be strictly followed. Here are some examples of foods with high or low GI:

Foods with high GI

  • A slice of white bread – 70
  • Two cups of popcorn – 70
  • A doughnut – 76
  • Rice cake – 76
  • 1 baked potato – 85
  • A portion of corn flakes – 92
  • 50 g of glucose – 100

Foods with a GI between 55-69

  • A tablespoon of honey – 55
  • A cup of brown rice – 55
  • A cup of oatmeal – 55
  • A cup of white rice – 64
  • A serving of mac ‘n’ cheese – 64

Foods with moderate GI

  • 1 egg – 6
  • A cup of hummus – 6
  • One cup of broccoli – 10
  • A mid-sized onion – 10
  • A cup of nuts – 15
  • A cup of cherries – 22
  • A cup of cashew nuts – 22
  • A cup of yogurt – 23
  • 1 Turkey sausage – 28
  • 1 mid-sized apple – 38
  • 220 g of tomato juice – 38
  • A cup of spaghetti – 42
  • A cup of green grapes – 46
  • 220 g of pineapple juice – 46
  • 1 carrot – 47
  • 1 orange – 48
  • 1 grapefruit – 50
  • 1 banana – 52

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