Did you know that even the slightest lack of potassium in the body can cause serious problems with the heart, nervous system, and muscles?
It is one of the most important minerals necessary for our body functioning properly. It helps the body maintain the correct balance of fluids, but our cells contain about 98 percent of the electrolyte. Although it is about him and not talk too much, you should know that the recommended daily intake of potassium for adults about 4.7 grams, and this quota can fill by eating foods like bananas, white beans, avocado, and melon.
Therefore, it is essential that daily enter this mineral, as this will allow the body to detoxify. In the following text, you will find out more about what are the symptoms of hypokalemia, what causes it, and how to compensate for the lack of potassium in the body naturally.
What are the symptoms of hypokalemia and how to recognize them
People who do not get enough of this mineral through diet exposing themselves to serious health risks and problems. Our body works so that we immediately indicates that something is wrong and sends us warning signals. We will point you the way a deficiency of potassium manifests itself through symptoms, and what are the possible consequences if you do not react in a timely manner.
Constant tiredness and lack of energy
The first signs of when are the lack of potassium in question are common feelings of weakness, fatigue and lack of energy. This will easily assess you if normal and sufficient sleep, and despite feeling constant fatigue. It is important to know that the reason for this in the first place irregular and unbalanced diet, and often is one of the culprits and enhanced intake of sodium (salt) in food.
Centuries ago, at a time when the country is not processed industrially, foods rich in potassium were much more prevalent in the diet, and the salt was far less. How is today the situation is reversed, so it manifests itself in humans. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the level of NaCl intake through food, because If you take more of it , then , mineral potassium will be needed in even larger quantities to the body to function normally.
Problems with the heart beat
Very often a feeling of constant fatigue is accompanied by unpredictable arrhythmias, there is the so-called. irregular heartbeat and rapid heart even though you are not at an exercise stress. The lack of potassium in the body causes you to this vital organ troubling because it can not properly pump blood through our body.
These symptoms of hypokalemia should not be taken lightly, especially if you already have heart problems, it is important that, first of all, rewrite the diet and reduce intake of salt.
High blood pressure indicates a lack of potassium
With previous symptoms, if you do not respond properly, almost always builds occurrence of high blood pressure. Potassium in the blood is the most important mineral that is required vessels to be relaxed and missed the blood to the capillaries and organs.
Potassium content, in this case, is manifested in the form of narrowing of arteries and veins, which automatically leads to high blood pressure.
Dizziness and loss of consciousness As a result of all previous symptoms may occur sudden dizziness, severe and intense headaches accompanied by blurred vision. At the very least, there is also passing out, which is very dangerous because it can lead to more serious injuries caused by falls.
Potassium in the body is important to your brain is receiving enough blood, and if these symptoms occur more frequently you need to contact your doctor. Indigestion and intestinal problems due to hypokalemia, vomiting, diarrhea, bloating and constipation can also be an indicator when the potassium content of the organism in question. The stomach and digestive system require the input of minerals is the recommended level in order to properly function and eliminate toxins from the body.
As soon as the mineral potassium does not bring enough, your intestines will certainly suffer, so be aware that you have some of these symptoms and rewrite your diet. This will avoid the risk of diseases such as Crohn’s disease because the digestive system enables full and proper absorption of nutrients.
Numbness of arms and legs with muscle spasms
The nervous system and muscles need potassium to function properly. Since we have already mentioned how this essential mineral and good for the heart, the same is the case with all the other muscles in the body.
The lack of potassium in the body will cause numbness of arms and legs, as well as sudden and uncontrolled spasms in the limbs, which is a serious warning that you need to take seriously.
Increased secretion of urine and a constant thirst
Another indicator of the lack of potassium is frequent need to urinate. This is almost always accompanied by increased thirst, although in the body of a regular intake of fluids.
The reason is irregular bladder and kidney, as potassium deficiency detrimental to all the organs of the urinary tract and lead to its uncontrolled ejection through the urine.
Psychological disorders, depression, and hallucinations
In situations where there is a very low level of minerals in the body, can occur various problems with the psyche which are acute in nature. However, if this happens, the lack of potassium should be taken seriously as a major cause, and as soon as possible to take even effervescent tablets to make up for what is wrong with your body.
What are the main causes of lack of potassium
There are numerous causes for the lack of potassium in the body. Most often it happens that the body releases this mineral in the urine due to the intake of certain drugs or diuretics.
Increased sweating is also another indicator, because then there is an increased loss of electrolytes from the body, and it is very dangerous to ignore this problem because it can lead to dehydration. In addition, vomiting and diarrhea are one of the causes for the lack of potassium in the blood.
An improperly balanced diet are one of the main enemies of this mineral. In fact, if you practice some of the diets in order to weaken a few pounds, you need to make sure that you take in two essential vitamins and elements to keep your body working properly. Lack of potassium occurs just in a weak and exhausting diets, so it is best to consult with a nutritionist before you decide to take that step.
In addition, certain disorders of the kidneys can be the cause of this sudden loss of minerals from the body. These are the most common chronic insufficiency and acute renal these bodies, which results in still a lack of potassium. Then usually occurs and magnesium deficit, and often leads to the secretion of adrenal gland disorders or lack of adrenaline in the body.
What foods are rich in potassium should be included in the diet
One of the biggest problems with today’s diet is that it contains more sodium and less potassium mineral. Therefore, it is necessary to change eating habits, but above all, it is necessary that you do not eat junk food that is full of bad fats, additives, and salt.
Interestingly, the doctors found that potassium in the diet may help us to reduce the risk of getting a stroke and 21 percent, and prevents the emergence of heart disease. Therefore, it is necessary to look for foods rich in potassium and his body given the necessary dose of this mineral.
First of all, it can be found in sweet potatoes. The concentration of potassium in the foodstuff is highest when looking at all the other because one tuber contains a whopping 0.7 g K and only 131 calories. Therefore, you now, even more, love potatoes, whether you eat it roasted, mashed or stuffed because it is delicious and very healthy.
Next to it, you probably already previously known that tomatoes are rich in potassium and certainly be happy to eat during the summer. However, homemade tomato sauce is an even better source of this mineral, because an only one-quarter cup of this drink will give your body even 0.6 g K! Therefore, you will surely prefer to prepare meals that are based on this foodstuff and himself and his family to provide a tasty and healthy meal.
Surely you already know by now how much are bananas rich in potassium, and probably love them and because of their pleasant taste. This fruit is one of the best allies when symptoms occur hypokalemia because one banana contains 0.4 g of this mineral.
Apart from these, foods rich in potassium are beans, Swiss chard, spinach, salmon, homemade yogurt, shells, dried plums, carrot juice, tuna, soy, melon, juice squeezed orange and avocado.
When potassium tablets must be taken
Most people who take care of proper nutrition and therefore are concerned that the potassium intake to the recommended level will not need to enter through a variety of medications. However, there are persons who have symptoms of hypokalemia rampant and it is necessary to take potassium tablets.
Most often these are the people who use diuretics or pills. In addition, the lack of potassium from supplements should compensate persons engaged in heavy physical activities, athletes, people with Crohn’s disease, as well as those who generally have indigestion.
In the end, the majority of smokers and those who consume alcohol are prone to have low levels of this mineral in the body and in need of drug therapy.
What are the recommended daily intake of potassium
When it comes to intake of this mineral in the body, it depends primarily on the age and therefore varies. Lack of potassium can always be other than through food and catch up with the help of supplements, but most often multivitamins that can be used only with the permission of a doctor.
In general, the recommended daily dose of potassium are:
- Infants up to 6 months: 0.4 grams
Infants 6-12 months: 0.7 g
Children from 1-3 years: 3 g
Children from 4-8 years: 3.8 g
Children from 9-13 years: 4.5 g
Teenagers from 14 to 18 years: 4.7 g
Adults over 19 years: 4.7 g
Breastfeeding women: 5.1 g
In each of these cases, it is recommended to consult your doctor. He will be a detailed analysis to determine the extent to which appeared potassium deficiency and propose adequate therapy. This avoids all the possible occurrence of side effects and contraindications phenomenon, considering that the use of supplements of this mineral is not advisable for those who are taking medications for diabetes and heart disease.