A headache (cephalea, Cephalalgia, the Greek word) is pain or painful sensations in the head and parts of the neck, and compared to its onset and duration, can be acute or chronic.
Although it is sometimes accompanying symptom of other diseases, a headache is often a disease in itself. Headaches are one of the most common diseases affecting the human race.They usually occur between the ages of 25 – 35 years, more frequently in women than ,in men and children.
The brain itself is not sensitive to pain. However, some structures of the head and neck are, and when they are in any way irritate we have a conscious perception of pain, which is called a headache.
On the head we have more structures that react with pain, such as extracranial structures like skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles, tendons, arteries, nerves, teeth, middle ear, the surface of the lips, nasal cavity, periost skull, eye, as well as within the cranial structure : sinus, the great arteries of the brain, meningitis, sensitive nerves …
A headache occurs for many reasons but often happens that even we can not detect its true cause.
The most common triggers for headaches are fatigue, lack of sleep, poor posture and neck, stress, prolonged exposure to the wind, problems with vision, poisoning harmful substances, high blood pressure and the like. It is certain that there is a person who at least once in his life he felt this uneasy pain. A severe headache (especially migraine), can cause nausea and other symptoms.
There are several types of headaches:
Secondary or symptomatic headaches
-A headache caused from trauma or injury of the head and / or neck;
-A headache caused by cranial or cervical vascular disorders;
-A headache caused from non-vascular intracranial disorders;
-A headache caused from substances and their termination;
-A headache caused from infection;
A migraine is a chronic disease characterized by attacks of a headache, affecting one-half of the head, through moderate or severe intensity, pulsating character, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, photophobia (sensitivity to light) and phonophobia (sensitivity to sound). This is why patients withdraw into a quiet and darkened room to make it easier submitted already an unbearable headache. It occurs in 12-18% of women with 5-6% of men.
Do not ignore the following symptoms:
A headache lasts more than 24 hours and is deteriorating, thunderclap (current severe headache, which may be a sign of bleeding in the brain;
A headache after exercise (can be aware of a tumor or an aneurysm) ;
A headache with blurring of vision (may be a sign of stroke accompanied with the inability of speech) ;
Headaches after 50 years of age (can be dangerous because it may indicate atherosclerotic changes in the arteries in the brain) ;
A headache after a head injury (if you feel mental confusion or dizziness may be a sign of a concussion) Headache meningitis (stiff neck , fever, and headache can be a sign of inflammation of the brain);
Different types of headaches (if you once had cancer, and suddenly you feel a headache you need to go to the doctor).
Remedy of lemon for a migraine
– Pinch of salt
– 1 cup water
– 1 teaspoon lemon juice
1. In a cup put a tablespoon of warm water
2. Add salt and stir until it is melted
3. Then add the lemon juice and a glass of cold water recharge
4. Mix the ingredients and drink.
– The beverage within 5 minutes should to mitigate or completely remove a headache
– If necessary, repeat the process after an hour.
Symptoms: Pain occurs in the form of pressure, which is most pronounced in the forehead, and may in the nape. People who have this migraine pain feel like a ring that tightens their head. Besides pain may have nausea, the feeling of fullness in the stomach, tightness in the throat, palpitations, irritable are difficult to concentrate and bad memories.
Peppermint oil for a tension headache
Rub mint oil along the edge of the hairline. It will create a cooling sensation and will relax the muscles in the head and neck.
Ginger tea for a headache
Buy fresh ginger root mash 2-3 centimeters, and then insert it into the boiling water, cook 5 min , strain , add lemon juice and drink . This tea relieves inflammation as fast as aspirin.
When the headache pain is described as a jab to the head, this is because the pain is concentrated on one point. The pain is usually accompanied by a runny nose and fever and is often referred to as a histamine headache. These headaches are the most common in the winter due to frequent changes in temperature.
Rosemary tea for a cluster headache
Rosemary tea is highly effective as a natural means of healing headaches.
One teaspoon of tea (or one tea bag) pours with 200 ml of hot water.Let stand covered for 10 minutes, strain it and drink it while it is still warm.This will calm down and eliminate the symptoms of a headache.
Symptoms: Dull pain in the head and neck during exercise.
Diagnosis: When the neck muscles twitch during a demanding physical activity or intercourse, increases the tension in the head, causing headaches.
Tea of St. John’s Wort for a neurological headache
Tea from this herb can be the very effective cure for headaches, especially those caused by stress, annoyance, and general bad mood.
A teaspoon of St. John’s wort pour with one cup of boiling water, after ten minutes, strain and drink slowly in small sips throughout the day.
This tea except headaches will also eliminate the bad mood.
Symptoms: Knocking noise, similar to migraine pain, but the pain is steady and occurs at specific time intervals.
PMS headaches – estrogen levels fall faster than usual. So, hormonal imbalance is to blame for this problem that women have during their reproductive years.
Is known that 60% of headaches are caused because of hormonal disbalance .
Tea of lady’s mantle and yarrow for Pms a headache
Put one tablespoon of dried yarrow and dried lady’s mantle in a teapot. Add 300 ml of boiling water and let stand for 10 minutes. Strain and sweeten to taste. To relieve PMS a headache takes one cup of tea , twice a day during 5 days .
Natural remedies are harmless in contrast to the chemically produced painkillers.
What you should avoid or reduce:
Avoid tyramine, found in the (red wine, chocolate, red grapes are fermented cheese-cheddar, mozzarella, feta, parmesan, sauerkraut, soy sauce).
Thiamine is a derivative of a natural amino acid that occurs due to the dissolution of the protein. In sensitive people, tyramine causes a rise in blood pressure and cause headaches.
Avoid nitrites and nitrates found in (salami, hot dogs, ham, bacon) and other meat products
They can increase blood flow to the brain causing pain.Also ,avoid fatty foods.
Foods against a headache: fish oil, ginger and lemon, water and food full of magnesium.
Useful things: head massage with essential oils, covering forehead with a leaf of cabbage or sliced potatoes, get enough sleep,drink plenty of water, because dehydration can cause headaches, avoid stress and beware of sudden temperature changes.
Note: A headache is usually just a signal that the body is something wrong, however, before any treatment, it’s advisable and necessary to go to your doctor and check out what kind of a headache you have .